In the last few years, vim has become a popular text editor for programmers. It is capable of editing multiple files at once and offers a variety of powerful features. This course will teach you how to use vim to edit multiple files in one window, switch between different modes, and more.
The vim switch to command mode is a text editor function that allows users to switch between vim modes.
Vim is a text editor that is invoked using the vim command. The vi command, on the other hand, may be used for this since it immediately sends the user to Vim. The vim command opens a welcome screen by default when used without a file name as an input. To open a file, use the vim file name syntax. Vim creates a file with the given name and opens it for editing if the file does not exist. Vim allows you to open several files at the same time.
Managing multiple windows
Multiple files may be displayed horizontally or vertically. To split the screen vertically, use Ctrl+W+V, or horizontally, press Ctrl+W+S.
Vim is a modal editor, which means that the functionality of certain keys varies depending on whatever mode you’re in.
In Vim, switching between modes is as follows:
|Mode||Allows users to|
|Insert||Type text into the box.|
|Execute||Use the editor to run commands.|
|Command||With only a few keystrokes, you may do a variety of editing tasks.|
|Visual||To copy, delete, or select text, highlight or select it.|
Vim’s default mode is command, but you may switch to any other mode with a single keystroke. Here are some of the keys for changing modes.
|i||Inserts text to the left of the cursor after switching to insert mode.|
|A||Inserts text at the end of the line after switching to insert mode.|
|I||Inserts text at the beginning of the line after switching to insert mode.|
|o||Switches to insert mode and places text below the cursor on a new line.|
|O||Switches to insert mode and places text above the cursor on a new line.|
|v||Switches to visual mode to allow one-by-one character selection.|
|V||Switches to visual mode, allowing one line at a time choosing.|
|:||Allows users to input instructions by switching to execute mode.|
|Esc||The command mode is re-entered.|
Mode Commands to Execute
When you input the colon (:) operator in command mode, a tiny command prompt section displays in the bottom-left corner of the editor. This signifies that you are in execute mode, which allows you to use Vim’s commands. The following table lists some of Vim’s available commands.
|:w :w :w :w :w :w :w :||Saves the file with the given name.|
|:q||When no modifications have been made since the previous save, the program exits.|
|:q!||Quits, despite the fact that improvements have been made.|
|:qa||Multiple files are closed.|
|:wq||Saves the current file before exiting.|
|:e!||Without closing the file, it reverts to the previous stored format.|
|:!any command in Linux||The command is run and the results are shown in Vim.|
|:help||Opens the documentation for Vim’s built-in help system.|
In command mode, motions are single-key shortcuts for navigating across files. The pointer may be moved anywhere in a document using these keys. They can move the pointer across letters, sentences, lines, and even large blocks of text.
Using the arrow keys to navigate
You may also use the Up, Down, Left, and Right Arrow keys to move within the editor in addition to the h, j, k, and l keys. In Vim, the standard navigation keys like as Home, End, Page Up, and Page Down function as well.
|Key to Getting Around||Used to|
|h||Move one character to the left.|
|j||Continue down one line.|
|k||One line higher|
|l||Move one character to the right.|
|^||Return to the start of the current line|
|$||Return to the beginning of the previous line.|
|w||Continue on to the following word.|
|b||Go back to the first word.|
|e||Go to the end of the current word or the beginning of the next.|
|Shift+L||To go to the bottom of the screen, move the pointer to the bottom of the screen.|
|Shift+H||Place the pointer on the screen’s first line.|
|Shift+G (Line #)||Place the cursor on the line indicated by the number.|
|gg||Place the cursor on the file’s first line.|
|Shift+G||Place the cursor on the file’s final line.|
Operators for Editing
In command mode, editing operators are powerful tools that may be used to modify text with a few keystrokes. They may also be used to edit numerous characters in conjunction with movements.
In Vim, a count is a numerical value that amplifies the impact of keystrokes. It may be used with movements, operators, or both at the same time. Cursor movement is multiplied by the count provided when used with a motion. When editing operators are used, the activity is repeated the given number of times.
When utilizing a count with an operator and a move, the syntax is:
motion operator [count]
|Operator in charge of editing||Used To|
|x||Delete the cursor-selected character.|
|d||Text should be removed.|
|dd||Delete the currently selected line.|
|p||Copy and paste the text on the line below the cursor.|
|P||Copy and paste the text on the line above the cursor.|
|/text string /text string /text string /text string /text||Look through the document for the text you’re looking for.|
|?text string===============||Search the document backwards for the text you’re looking for.|
|y||Text should be copied.|
|yy||Copy the line just above the cursor.|
|csequence of lines c||Begin a change in the range provided.|
|u||Undo the most recent modification.|
|U||All modifications to the current line will be undone.|
|ZZ||Only write to the file if modifications have been made, then exit Vim.|
Vi commands for beginners (cheat sheet)
When you are in insert mode, you can type the letter i to enter insert mode. After typing i, if you want to exit insert mode, press the escape key. Reference: how to exit insert mode in vim.
Frequently Asked Questions
How do I exit replace mode in vim?
Press ESC to exit replace mode.
When you start vim what mode is it in?
Vim is a text editor, and the mode it starts in depends on what you want to do.
What are the two main modes of vim?
The two main modes of vim are Normal and Visual.
- to switch from insert mode to command mode press
- vim change mode without escape
- vim normal mode commands
- vim insert mode
- vim easy mode